Geographic research on livelihoods often necessitates utilizing research methods. An array of research projects express their will to use ‘mixed methods’ but in actuality they implement ‘multiple’ methods that are derived either from quantitative or qualitative methods. This paper investigates a case study of mixed-methods research on livelihoods and urban agriculture in Nairobi, Kenya , as a case in point regarding implementing central principles of research analysis and design. This study adopted  qualitative interviews, household surveys, focus groups, biophysical sampling, and feedback workshops by encompassing qualitatively and quantitative derived data. The authors argue that effective research methods research necessitates adaptability in terms of benefiting from quantitative and qualitative data sources as well as the use of time in the field.