Well-designed surveys mostly include cognitive testing. Nevertheless,  cognitive testing protocols vary universally. Three of the main concerns of observers are the unsystematicity of results’ analysis, the unreplicability of results, and the intransparency of conclusions’ bases. In an attempt to address a number of these concerns, this study puts forward cognitive interviews originally structured in a way that enabled interviewers to collect information particularly regarding possible problems with any of the four basic issues in question, namely comprehension, retrieval, estimation, and giving answers. In addition to systematicity and transparency, a significant point of strength of the approach is the documentation of positive characteristics of questions; moreover, it provides evidence for answers’ validity, and identifies possible question problems.