When we discuss prevention, we typically focus on non-communicable, communicable and injuries. However the world epidemic we have seen in the past 2000 years has been the epidemiology of War. In WWII in Stalingrad, over 1.5 million troops died in just a few days. In a 4 year period in WWII, over 60 million people were killed, the largest death toll in a short period of time. The most destructive weapon were the nuclear bombs that were dropped onto Japan. Over 200,000 people were killed in an instant. Warfare especially nuclear warfare are the most destructive “disease” for global health. We involved with Global health need to have prevention of War fare as one primary prevention causes. The bombs dropped on Japan are me firecrackers to what we have today, with explosive capabilities 1000 times greater. If unleashed potentially 70% of the humans on earth would be destroyed.
The greatest radiation accident took place in Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (near Pripjat, Ukraine) on April 26, 1986. More than 600 000 people participating in clean-up projects, among which 200 000 constituted Ukrainians. The works were carried out up to 1990. Radioactive contamination spread on the territory of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia. The density of contamination is shown on the map to the left. There are contamination deposition levels of Cs-137 around of Chernobyl.
Despite various successes of sanitary revolution, health of our environment is still a major concern. Chernobyl Nuclear Plant accident reminded everyone how important it is to prevent environmental pollution and other man made health threats. Health Effects of Radiation and secondary prevention activities for those who were exposed to it is a major concern for public health professionals in Ukraine and other regions.
Slide author: Boris Ledoshchuk, MD, PhD, Ukraine