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Serageldin with M.S. Swaminathan

One of the best programs that we did with these collections was “The Seeds of Hope” program, where samples from these collections were used to re-create the national collections of countries like Rwanda, when the national collections were destroyed or lost during the years of fighting and genocide. Since then, the world’s Gene Banks have been collected and placed in special cold storage in Svalbard in Norway. It is an impressive facility that speaks volumes about the international collaboration of humans who understand the importance of working with nature not against it. Continue Reading...

Ismail Serageldin
Director of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina(BA)


Ron's Corner University of Pittsburgh, World Health Organization
  • Bananas are the number one fruit crop in the world. They are the 4th largest overall crop, after wheat, rice, and corn.

  • In A.D. 644, Arab scientists developed a windmill to pump water for irrigation. By the year 1000, Arabs introduced fertilizers to enrich farm soil.

  • More than 6,000 different kinds of apples are grown around the world.

  • In India, approximately one-fifth of the nation’s total electricity consumption goes toward pumping groundwater for irrigation.

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